About the TOEFL® iBT

Take the TOEFL® test. Go anywhere.

If you are planning to study abroad, the TOEFL test is the one test that can take you anywhere. In fact, more institutions accept TOEFL test scores than any other test scores in the world — more than 6,000 colleges, universities and licensing agencies in 110 countries, to be exact. See University Directory (PDF). And, with more than 4,000 test centers worldwide, taking the test is convenient and easy.

Demonstrate your English-language skills.

The TOEFL iBT measures how well you read, listen, speak and write in English and use these skills together in the university classroom. For example, you might read a passage or listen to a lecture, and then write or speak about what you learned.

Why Take the TOEFL Test?
  • No matter where in the world you want to study, the TOEFL test can help get you there. You will be eligible for admission to virtually any institution in the world — including the top colleges and universities in the U.S., Canada, U.K., Australia and New Zealand. See University Directory (PDF).
  • The TOEFL test gives you more flexibility on when, where and how often you can take the test, and more practice tools and feedback, than any other English-language test in the world.
  • You will be able to listen to lectures, view films, attend seminars, read textbooks, perform online research, speak with professors and other students, write academic papers, reports, e-mails and more.

TOEFL® iBT Test Content

The TOEFL iBT measures skills in reading, listening, speaking and writing, and requires you to combine 2 or more of these skills to respond to a question. For example, you might read a passage or listen to a lecture in English, and then write or speak your answers in English. See TOEFL iBT Tips (PDF) for more information on test content.

Structure of the TOEFL iBT
Section: Reading
  • Description: 3-5 passages from academic texts; approximately 700 words long; 12-14 questions per passage.
  • Testing Time: 60-100 minutes
  • Questions: 36-70 questions
  • Score Scale: 0-30

Section: Listening
  • Description: 4-6 lectures, some with classroom discussion; each 3-5 minutes long; 6 questions each. 2-3 conversations; each 3 minutes long; 5 questions each.
  • Testing Time: 60-90 minutes
  • Questions: 34-51 questions
  • Score Scale: 0-30

Section: Break
  • Description: -
  • Testing Time: 10 minutes
  • Questions: -
  • Score Scale: -
Section: Speaking
  • Description: 2 tasks to express an opinion on a familiar topic; 4 tasks to speak based on what is read and listened to.
  • Testing Time: 20 minutes
  • Questions: 6 tasks
  • Score Scale: 0-4 points converted to 0-30 score scale

Section: Writing
  • Description: 1 task to write based on what is read and listened to; 1 task to support an opinion on a topic.
  • Testing Time: 50 minutes
  • Questions: 2 tasks
  • Score Scale: 0-5 points converted to 0-30 score scale

Section: Total score
  • Description: -
  • Testing Time: -
  • Questions: -
  • Score Scale: 0-120

How Test Questions Are Created

Language specialists prepare TOEFL test questions and follow rigorous, standardized procedures to ensure that test material is of consistent high quality. Each question is reviewed by several ETS staff members. The TOEFL Committee of Examiners — an independent group of professionals in the fields of linguistics, language testing and language teaching that reports to the TOEFL Board — establishes guidelines for test content. After test questions have been reviewed and revised, they are administered in trial situations and assembled into tests. Tests are reviewed according to ETS and TOEFL program procedures to ensure that all tests are free of cultural bias. Statistical analyses of individual questions ensure that all items provide appropriate measurement information.